History of the property
The house no. 26 under Saint John Capistrano.
The Tenement “Under St. John Capistrano” was built in the first half of the fourteenth century. In the fifteenth century it was called a Principe as it was owned by the Dukes of Mazovia.
W 1494 roku kamienica gościła posłów tureckich udających się do króla Jana I Olbrachta. W tym narożniku Rynku obozowało wtedy kilkadziesiąt koni i 16 wielbłądów.
Wówczas Krakowianie po raz pierwszy zobaczyli konie czystej krwi arabskiej, co bardziej wzbudziło ich ciekawość.
Another name – “Supported” derives from the corners’ counterfort. The name -“Under St. John Capistrano” originates from the fact that apparently John Capistrano lived here while staying in Cracow in years 1453-1454. According to the tradition, St. John Capistrano preached his sermons next to this building which resulted in many changes of faith and disposal of assets for the benefit of the Catholic Church. His stay is commemorated by a statue from the second half of eighteenth century which is located on the first floor at the corner of the building.
In 1494 this house hosted members of Turkish Deputation to King John I Albert. Several dozen of horses and 16 camels stayed at the Main Square outside. It was the very first time for the citizens of Cracow to see Arabian horses and camels which arose their curiosity.
In accordance with the legend, another very well-known resident of the building was a famous sorcerer – Master Twardowski.>/strong> Apparently he lived in this building in the sixteenth century. Master Twardowski is a widely known figure since Cracow was considered a true sorcerers’ mecca at that time. According to written sources astrology and alchemy became a major part of the official subjects at the Academy of Cracow. Other like magic, necromancy, cabalism and palmistry, belonging to the occult disciplines, grew outside the university walls. Master Twardowski is believed to invoke the spirit of the late Barbara Radziwiłłówna.
German researchers claim that Master Twardowski was German and studied at Wittenberg- most likely magic.
Master Twardowski left behind two books – a treatise on magic and an encyclopedia of science. However, those books did not survive.
Enthusiasts of Master Twardowski can also visit the Palace in Krzysztofory under which a complicated network of cellars and corridors can be found.
The sorcerer is believed to hide his treasure there which some say is still in the maze.
The oldest gothic elements of the building can be found in the cellar.
At the end of the nineteenth century the Tenement received a form of Palladian Palace.